- AFIKE JEHUDA (Heb. אֲפִיקֵי יְהוּדָה), society for the "advancement of study of Judaism and of religious consciousness," founded in Prague in 1869 on the initiative of Samuel Freund, and named in memory of Judah Teweles. It supported the talmud torah (until taken over by the community in 1879), and Teweles' yeshivah. The society organized lectures (to which women were admitted from 1879) by outstanding scholars and published them, mainly in the two anniversary volumes, Afike Jehuda Festschrift (1909 and 1930). A project initiated in 1919 by the society to publish a Jewish biographical lexicon did not materialize. The society continued to exist until the German occupation of Prague in 1939. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Deutsch, in: Zeitschrift fuer Geschichte der Juden in der Tschechoslowakei, 1 (1931), 174–9.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
Look at other dictionaries:
DEUTSCH, ALADAR — (1871–1949), chief rabbi of Prague under the Nazi occupation. He was a pupil of solomon breuer in Frankfurt, and subsequently served as rabbi in several Prague synagogues, when he was active within the afike jehuda association . From 1930 he… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BOHEMIA — (Cz. Čecny, Česko, Tschechien; Ger. Boehmen; Heb. פעהם, פיהם, כנען, בהם), independent kingdom in Central Europe, until the beginning of the 14th century, affiliated later in the Middle Ages with the Holy Roman Empire. In 1526 it became part of… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
FREUND, SAMUEL BEN ISSACHAR BAER — (1794–1881), rabbi and author of commentaries and glosses on the Mishnah and halakhic works. Born in Touskov, Bohemia, Freund was a pupil of Baruch Fraenkel Teomim of Leipnik and Bezalel Ranschburg (Rosenbaum) of Prague. He served as rabbi in… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
PEDDLING — PEDDLING, the retail sale of wares or trade services and the buying up of agricultural and village produce by an itinerant seller, craftsman, or buyer who made relatively short trips, usually recurrent, to the places where his clients or… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
PRAGER, RICHARD — (1883–1945), German astronomer. Prager was born in Hanover. In 1908 he joined the Berlin Academy of Sciences; and in 1909 was appointed head of a department in the National Observatory in Santiago, Chile. From 1913 onward he worked as scientific… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
TEWELES, JUDAH — (1808–1869), rosh yeshivah in Prague, a watchmaker by profession. He was a grandson of Lipmann Teweles, mintmaster of the kingdom of Bohemia. His father, David, was a scholar and Judah wrote novellae at the age of 15. After learning his trade… … Encyclopedia of Judaism