AFIKE JEHUDA (Heb. אֲפִיקֵי יְהוּדָה), society for the "advancement of study of Judaism and of religious consciousness," founded in Prague in 1869 on the initiative of Samuel Freund, and named in memory of Judah Teweles. It supported the talmud torah (until taken over by the community in 1879), and Teweles' yeshivah. The society organized lectures (to which women were admitted from 1879) by outstanding scholars and published them, mainly in the two anniversary volumes, Afike Jehuda Festschrift (1909 and 1930). A project initiated in 1919 by the society to publish a Jewish biographical lexicon did not materialize. The society continued to exist until the German occupation of Prague in 1939. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Deutsch, in: Zeitschrift fuer Geschichte der Juden in der Tschechoslowakei, 1 (1931), 174–9.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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